While you think blackmail only happens behind the scenes or among shady mobs, it can happen right here at your fingertips. Cyber blackmail, a new way for criminals to take your property, is on the rise in a modern society. Extortion, crime. In a great sense, this means any oppression, under the color of law: but in a stricter sense, it means the illegal taking of money or value by an officer, according to the color of his function, money or value that is not due to him, or before it is due. 4 bl. Com. 141; A hawk. s.C.c. 68, p. 1; 1 Russ. Cr. *144.

To constitute blackmail, there must be money or something precious; taking a cancellation certificate. Not enough to blackmail. 2 mass. R. 523; See Bac. Duck. h.t.; Co. Litt. 168. It is blackmail and oppression for an officer to take money for the fulfillment of his duty, even though he is in the exercise of a discretionary mandate. Two Burrs. 927.C`s different from Precision.

(see) See 6 Cowen, r. 661; 1 Caines, R. 130; 13 pp. & R. 426 1 Yeates, 71; 1 south. 324; 3. Penna. R. 183; 7 selections. 279; 1 selection.

171. As a crime of theft, extortion is closely linked to theft and pre-night. n. Obtain money or property by threatening a victim`s property or relatives, intimidation or false assertion of a right (for example.B claiming to be an agent of the I. R.S.). It is a crime in all states except that a direct threat to harm the victim is generally treated as a crime of theft. Blackmail is a form of blackmail in which the threat is to reveal embarrassing harmful information to family, friends or the public. (See extortion, theft, theft) The essence of blackmail by an official is the repressive use of the official position to obtain a royalty. The official wrongly claims to be entitled to take what he or she is not legally entitled to.

This is called acting under the color of the office. For example, a highway agent who collects money from a car owner who is a tax offender in more than the authorized amount, under the pretext of collecting a fine, extorts money under the color of the office. Although the victim accepts the payment, he does not do it voluntarily, he yields to the public power. Fake nights are another crime that resembles blackmail. The main difference is that in case of false nights, the property is obtained by a lie and not by a threat. The specific elements necessary to prove blackmail differ from State to State, but the general requirements are that the offender make a verbal, written or printed threat with the intention of blackmailing the victim or forcing the victim to do something against his or her will. Generally speaking, it does not matter whether or not the offender succeeds in the extortion attempt. As soon as the threat was made, the aggressor committed blackmail.

In some jurisdictions and according to the federal definition of blackmail, the victim does not even need to hear or receive the threat for the offender to be prosecuted for extortion. The revolutionary federal blackmail law is the Hobbs Act. [18] The Hobbs Act prohibits any blackmail conduct that „hinders, delays or otherwise affects trade in or the movement of items or goods in commerce“ and covers blackmail, attempts or actual conspiracies to do so. [19] „Blackmail is defined in the Hobbs Act as `the acquisition of property by another, with his consent, as a result of unlawful use of force, violence or fear, or the colour of official law.` [20] The „property“ at issue in the case of blackmail within the meaning of the Hobbs Act must be „something of the value of the victim that can be exercised, transferred or sold.“ [21] The Anti-Racketeering Act or Hobbs Act imposes heavy penalties for theft or extortion that affect intergovernmental trade. . . .